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Although the family were quick to earn a profit from the hotel, there was a turbulent period in the years after World War II, with a workers strike in , and the restaurant attracting significant criticism in its quality of cuisine.
On one occasion, a group of patrons of the Ritz, known as the "Friends of the Ritz", met with Sir Bracewell Smith in Park Lane Hotel to complain about the standards; Smith himself dined at the Ritz and informed them that it was quite satisfactory.
Several suicides also darkened the reputation of the Ritz in the postwar years, including that of horse trainer Peter Beatty from the sixth floor window in October ,  and that of French gangster Baron Pierre de Laitre, who strangled love interest Eileen Hill to death in his second floor room in March when she refused to marry him, before killing himself by stuffing a silk sock down his throat.
Nonetheless the Ritz continued to be a social hub for the aristocracy and attract the world's elite in the s. Paul Getty , reputedly the richest man in the world at the time, lived at the Ritz after the war.
On one occasion a photographer working for Time and Life magazines staged an incident outside the hotel by arranging for the barrowboy to pour coppers onto the pavement as Getty emerged from the hotel and photographed just as he went to pick them up.
In she tired of the high life and spent a period working on Albert Schweitzer 's leper colony in French Equatorial Africa.
Another notable resident of the Ritz during this period was Nubar Gulbenkian , an "expansive extrovert" who kept a permanent suite at the Ritz and made exorbitant demands for luxuries and foods, even if out of season.
Adjaye was attacked as he left the hotel, although it has been speculated that he was mistaken for Lumumba. George Criticos served as head porter of the Ritz for 45 years, retiring in for health reasons; he had been recommended for a job at the Ritz by Sir Basil Zaharoff.
He was also asked to take the year-old Prince Aly Khan on a monthlong tour of the United States to help the young man forget a failed romance.
When Criticos saw an unshaven man in coveralls entering the hotel, he called out to the man to stop him. When the man turned to face Criticos, he recognised him as King Boris of Bulgaria, who was a railroad buff and was returning from driving a special train.
The social scene changed dramatically in London in the s, with Beatlemania and the sexual revolution, and British aristocracy in the capital was not what it had been.
By this time the general impeccable standards of the Ritz had fallen. Peregrine Worsthorne noted the change: The place was usually empty, kept alive by memories of former glories and a clientele who preferred nostalgia to comfort".
In the s, the hotel fell into a turbulent period. Terrorist threats from the Irish Republican Army became the chief concern, and bomb scares were not uncommon.
Many Londoners who would have been barred by this restriction voiced disapproval and the Ritz compromised by requiring reservations for afternoon tea at the hotel.
On 27 January , around people were evacuated to the nearby May Fair Hotel following a fire alarm in the hotel. No one was hurt in the blaze, which started in the basement casino kitchen's extraction vents.
The Ritz casino only suffered "minor damage". There has been criticism because the Ritz has not paid any corporation tax since being taken over by the Barclay twins.
The accounts indicate that the profitable hotel uses a series of tax reliefs to reduce its corporation tax to zero. Authors Montgomery-Massingberd and Watkin describe the Ritz as "the product of one of those near miraculous convergences of civilised patron and architects and craftsmen of genius working together in complete harmony both with each other and with the social and architectural fashions of the day.
The building has been regarded as a masterpiece from the day it was finished According to Montgomery-Massingberd and Watkin the exterior is both structurally and visually Franco-American in influence with little trace of English architecture.
Excavation for the hotel began by contractors Waring White Building Co. Ltd in June , and it was completed by 1 October , and opened the following May.
The Architect and Contract Reporter noted that the limited space did not allow for the storage of materials on site. All mortar had to be mixed in the basement and the stone was dressed "on a platform with a watertight roof over the footway".
Bishop and the Swedish-born Sven Bylander were consultant engineers during the building phase. The irregularity of the site presented initial problems for the builders.
Davis dealt with this by "brilliant perspective effects" according to Binney, using curving walls to "cleverly conceal the rapidly diminishing space at the back of the hotel".
The steel frame of the building was made in Germany and is based on a model made in the early s in Chicago to increase fire resistance.
Fireproofing of the walls were conducted by the Columbian Fireproofing Company Ltd. The hotel was designed mainly by London and Paris based designers in the Louis XVI style , which is consistent throughout, giving the hotel its "special atmosphere of perfect appropriateness and elegant restraint".
The Grill Room was on the eastern side, and the Banqueting Hall lay at the western end, beneath the restaurant.
A wide vaulted corridor, the Long Gallery, runs from the Arlington Street entrance on the east side to the restaurant on the west side, with finely woven Savonnerie carpets.
Along it are several intricate horseshoe archways. It is decorated with lavish furnishings, including gilded Louis XVI armchairs with oval backs, which the architects had designed based on research into French neo-classical furniture design of the s and s, which were made by Waring and Gillow.
The room, with its, "panelled mirrors of bevelled glass in gilt bronze frames" and "high coving ornamented with gilded trellis-work", according to Montgomery-Massingberd and Watkin "epitomizes the elegantly frivolous comfort of Edwardian high life".
There were originally large windows at either end of the court, then known as the Winter Garden, and were replaced with twenty panels of mirrors after It acquired its reputation as " the place for tea" in London after World War I.
Remon and Sons of Paris. The ceiling is a described by Montgomery-Massingberd and Watkin as a "painted trompe-l'oeil ceiling on which pinkish clouds drift across the blue sky encircled by a garlanded balustrade".
On the northern end against the Piccadilly arcade are floor-to-ceiling mirrors, divided into panes, which give the room a spacious effect, especially when the lights are on all day during the winter.
During the major renovation of the hotel, the scaffolding used in the project was hidden by a clean cloth during mealtimes in the Louis XVI restaurant so as not to upset diners with a possibly disturbing sight.
During the renovation, the columns in the hotel's lobbies were stripped of many coats of cream-coloured paint to display their original pink marble.
Much of the furniture from the original opening was still in use; new items were faithful copies styled after the originals.
From its inception, the kitchen was run mainly by French chefs, and it had a specialist in Russian soups and Viennese pastry; its cakes became so famous that King Edward made regular orders from Buckingham Palace.
Malley, who had been saucier at the Paris Ritz was appointed Chef des Cuisines, and invented dishes such as Saumon Marquise de Sevignre Salmon with a crayfish mousse , Filet de Sole Romanoff served with mussels, small slices of apple and artichokes , and Poulet en Chaudfroid chicken accompanied by a curry-flavoured pinkish mousse at the hotel.
A table at the restaurant still needs to be booked weeks in advance. The Marie Antoinette Suite is accessed from the main restaurant. According to Marcus Binney "the gilded detail of the room has the lustre and crispness of gilt bronze, even the egg-and-dart in the boldly modelled cornice".
Floral motifs are a common feature of the room, given the namesake, Marie Antoinette , and represents the flowers at one of her feasts.
On the walls are a series lamp holders held by miniature Apollo lyres, with each bulb holder containing around 25 leaves opened out.
The lights, according to Binney, are hung on "cords from ribbons tied in bows, entwined at intervals with flowers, descending to a cluster of tassels".
As of , The Ritz London has guestrooms, of which are bedrooms and 23 are suites. The main bedrooms are divided into three principal categories: The Superior Queen and King rooms are square feet It also accommodates three of the Ritz' top suites: Several of the rooms have Louis XVI chimneypieces.
The restoration won a Royal Institute of British Architects national gold medal in Only the finest seasonal produce sourced from artisan suppliers is used in the restaurant, ensuring that every meal crafted in the kitchen is of the best quality.
Johnny Depp has famously claimed that the Ritz Club is one of his favourite clubs in London. A photo posted by Glorielys Cabrera gloribby on Dec 16, at 3: A photo posted by Little Legs Bex rebeccadrane on Dec 4, at 5: Sports attires and trainers are not permitted on any part of the club or hotel.
Men are expected to be dressed to the nines in a suit and tie at all occasions, with the exception of the restaurants at breakfast, where they are expected to at least wear jeans.
However, at lunch and dinner services, men are expected to wear suits in accordance with the dress code. One can apply for membership by personal appearance at the club, or by contacting the membership secretary.
An online application form can also be downloaded and brought to the club once filled out. Successful applicants must then present a valid photo ID to the receptionist upon first visit to the club.
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